While I usually touch on emerging or existing legislation in my articles, I thought I’d pivot and write about something happening in the healthcare marketplace that has surprisingly little regulation or oversight at all.
That would be the growth of retail health – that is, clinical or healthcare services being offered in the retail setting, such as at clinics in pharmacies, grocery stores, or shopping centers.
Walmart, Walgreens, Amazon, and CVS are all jumping into the game, with significant investment and acquisitions happening in the past year.
Retail health’s appeal to consumers is that basically, healthcare is provided like any other retail commodity. Retail health clinics offers convenient hours, walk-in or last-minute appointments, less-expensive services, and transparency in pricing. Retail health clinics are mostly staffed with physician assistants and nurse practitioners who in turn are offered regular hours and strong administrative support.
The forecast for retail health in this post-pandemic era is bright and sunny. According to an analysis by Bain & Company, retail health has the potential to grab as much as a third of the U.S. primary-care market by 2030. Indeed, one survey says that about two-thirds of Americans believe that five years from now, most primary-care services will be provided at retail health clinics.
The potential for growth is in one part energized by brand familiarity and loyalty. For example, over 40 percent of Americans shop at Walmart on a weekly basis, and nearly two-thirds of American adults have an active Amazon Prime membership.
Now, while retail health is making a move into primary care, recent action seems to indicate that they also may be using relatively inexpensive primary-care services as a loss leader for them to enter the chronic care arena. CVS recently bought Oak Street, which, yes, is primary care, but it is primary care for the Medicare crowd, whereas reimbursement will be value-based, and 9 out of 10 patients have a chronic condition. CVS has also bought Signify, a home health company.
In order to successfully manage chronic care, a healthcare entity needs to be able to track and communicate with patients, and establish a network of providers for successful continuity of care. Does retail health have that? Maybe not yet, but retail health clinics are digitally connected to the consumer, and they appear to be well-poised to move patients seamlessly between in-person care and virtual care.
Most importantly, retail health can afford to experiment (and maybe fail) with some of those experiments. Why? Because they are well-bankrolled by huge corporations.
As I mentioned, the retail health sector is remarkably unregulated. Most states do not issue facility licenses to retail health clinics, avoiding oversight by state departments of health. Only Massachusetts has regulations designed specifically for retail health; Massachusetts limits the clinics to a specific set of services. And in fact, one service that retail health clinics cannot provide in Massachusetts is primary care.
Stepping back, if we use the language of retail and capitalism, it has become apparent that in the next few years, hospitals and physicians are going to have to compete for a decreasing number of paying customers (that is, for commercially insured patients). More of the population is aging in or becoming eligible for government programs. Utilization of healthcare services is down 6 percent from pre-pandemic levels, while emergency-room visits are down 30 percent – the only increase in usage among healthcare services was in urgent care and hospital outpatient services.
And in this competitive environment, retail health is throwing its hat into the ring. It’s the Walmart-ing of American Healthcare.